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Sunday, April 11, 2021

Two Indian girls discover a Mars-Crosser, calls it 2020 OE6

Two girls discovered something new and unusual while they were at citizen-science project and is not spotted by the scientist yet. Yes, you heard it right. Here is how these girls came across a space rock, read below. 

How did they come across? 

The students in Surat, Gujurat, Radhika Lakhani and Vaidehi Vekariya were attending a citizen-science project. They came across an asteroid which is now known as 2020 OE6.

During a citizen-science project in Surat, two students who are passionate about science were using astronomical data in which they were seeing something new. 

Lakhani and Vekariya were at an International Astronomical Search Collaboration which, is when they came across 2020 OE6. The science project which they attended unites people throughout globally with data from the Panoramic Survey Telescope, Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) and asteroid-hunting observatories in Hawaii and Arizona of the Catalina Sky Survey. These two projects practice in scanning the sky’s swaths often, allowing newly noticed moving objects. 

About 2020 OE6

It is a standardised nomenclature and, it displays the object’s discovery date. In images taken in 2013 and 2017 from another observatory that hunts asteroids, Werky was able to identify 2020 OE6. It also showed up in a July 2020 data. It describes the space rock’s date of invention. 

As per the scientists, 2020 OE6 is a Mars-Crosser. As it orbits around the same distance from the sun as Mars does. In moniker, the ways of the two bodies don’t cross. 

Scientists & their views

As per, NASA’s Near-Earth Object Studies by Paul Chodas, it is very rare to spot a new asteroid with just a human eye. Scientists normally detect asteroids flying by using algorithms. 

The girls found it in images captured by Pan-STARRS in June. As per the image, the observatory says that it is in squares including narrow seams within them that block out specific parts of the sky. 

As per Rober Weryk, an astronomer at the University of Hawaii said, astronomers have missed detecting the asteroid, but they would have found it sooner or later.

This kind of asteroid has seen in the skies earlier. It is claimed as per the images captured in 2013 and 2017 from a different observatory. 

 In future, Lakhani and Vekariya could recommend a better name to the International Astronomical Union to their discovery. The girls said they are very excited about this opportunity. 

Earth & 2020 OE6 

2020 OE6 is 50 million miles that are 70 million kilometres far from Earth. It will stay at that distance for over centuries, Chodas said. 

As per Weryk, the observations have enabled scientists to know the object’s orbit accurately. It will take more than three Earth years to orbit around the sun. It is possibly within 1.2 and 3 miles wide.

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