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Tuesday, November 24, 2020

What is 5G?

What is 5G?

5G is the next level mobile internet connection that will connect you to the world in a few milliseconds. 5G is the 4G LTE successor with much-improved and faster internet speed making online tasks on the mobile device much quicker. In about two to three years, 5G is said to replace the current 4G mobile internet. Earlier, 3G was the most interesting revolution in terms of the internet for mobile devices and now 5G is said to offer unmatch internet speeds in both Download and upload department. 

With 5G the Latency issues will also get sorted as it will have decreased latency which will help in connections. This is probably because 5G works on three different spectrum bands, the low-band spectrum, mid-band spectrum, and the high-band spectrum. How this works is as simple as it sounds, the Low-band provides lesser speeds at about 600Mhz, the mid-band provides a faster connection with lower latency, and the High-band can provide stupid fast speeds but with low coverage area. The high-band is specially used for 5G internet on smartphones. 

4G v/s 5G

4G LTE is currently the mobile internet speed everyone relies upon, 5G will takeover 4G LTE as it bags various positives over the current 4G LTE. If we move into the technical aspects, 4G uses frequency bands up to 6Hz whereas, 5G uses much higher frequency bands ranging from 30Ghz to 200,300Ghz. This allows 5G networks to transfer huge capacity of data at a fast rate.

5G mobile internet has speeds up to 100 gigabits per second which is much faster than 4G’s speed. To remind, initially when 4G LTE was rolled out, it was about 10-20 times faster than 3G mobile internet. Fast forward to today and 5G is said to be almost 100 times faster than 4G. 

If we compare 4G and 5G side-by-side, then 4G has an average speed of 15 to 25Mbps in the United States and about 6 to 9Mbps in India. The 5G mobile internet connection currently has average speed of up to triple-digit in most of the countries where the service is properly established. 

What are the benefits of 5g in India?

Firstly, if we take a look at the general benefits of 5G connectivity such as Low Latency, Faster speeds, and improved range we get to know that it is also useful in India as many people still complain about latency or speed problems. With 4G, we have seen telecom networks like Airtel and Jio go all-out competing by the way of advertisements drawing to who has better speeds. With 5G in India, we expect to see more such advertisements. At the end of the day, the competition is going to create a better service and with 5G it is the same. 

Some of the other benefits of 5G would be the development of the IT sector, Enhanced networking throughout India, It will also boost the Make In India initiative, lowering of 4G and ISP’s Internet service prices, Will boost nation’s digital capacity, etc. Now if we take a look at the major benefits of the 5G connectivity to the consumers, then it will probably be the cheap rates of 4G and other Internet services provided by Broadbands. As 5G would be expensive at the start but as its prices normalize, 4G internet prices would drop making it more affordable in the country. 

Due to 5G India would also be contributing more in the digital communication and IT sector. 

What are Some of the Companies Working On 5G in India?

There are many companies already in the business of contributing to the 5G development here in India. Companies were already planning to start working on the 5G network back in 2019 and by the of last year, there was a piece of news floating that Qualcomm which is the largest chipset maker is in talks with Amazon, Flipkart, and Jio to develop 5G use cases in India. Later we got to know that the Qualcomm President is planning to use a sum of its $200 million capital funds to support 5G development in India. 

Reliance Jio and Airtel are also expanding their network by investing in 5G in the country. Huawei, Nokia, and Sterlite Tech which is an optical fiber manufacturing company are also working on 5G development. Not just that, the Indian Government has also invested in the development of 5G in India by funding some of the top research institutes in India. 

When will the 5G launch in India?

Even though the 5G connectivity looks like a long way to go, it is still getting closer day by day. As we hear more and more 5G development cases it seems like 5G is coming real soon in India. Even the smartphone companies have started launching 5G ready devices in the country, Top smartphone giant Apple will debut its 5G device this year, and it will probably come to India even though the service is not established here. 

If we look at all the scenarios above, we can expect 5G to arrive in early to mid-2021 in India. There were also rumors that the 5G release will be postponed and will be carried next to next year, but looking at the scenarios so far, 5G should debut next year in the country. 

5G phones in India

As said above, there are many companies that have started manufacturing 5G smartphones. In fact, some Chinese companies have already launched 5G-ready devices globally. This is probably because the 5G service has already been rolled out in some countries such as the US. Verizon is currently the top player offering the service.

As far as smartphones are concerned, there are some of the smartphones present globally with 5G support. Talking about India, recently, some of the Chinese companies have launched a few devices which include iQoo 3 5G and Realme X50 Pro 5G smartphone. Currently, there are also two devices available, but Xiaomi, OnePlus and later this year Apple is planning to launch 5G-ready devices in India.  

Galaxy S20 Ultra

  • Display: 6.90-inch (1440×3200)
  • Processor: Samsung Exynos 990
  • Front Camera: 40MP
  • Rear Camera: 108MP + 48MP + 12MP + Depth
  • RAM: 12GB
  • Storage: 128GB
  • Battery Capacity: 5000mAh
  • OS: Android 10

Galaxy S10 5G

  • Display: 6.70-inch
  • Processor: Samsung Exynos 9820
  • Front Camera: 10MP + 0.038MP
  • Rear Camera: 12MP + 12MP + 16MP + 0.038MP
  • RAM: 8GB
  • Storage: 256GB
  • Battery Capacity: 4500mAh
  • OS: Android 9.0

Huawei Mate 20 X 5G

  • Display: 7.20-inch (1080×2244)
  • Processor: HiSilicon Kirin 980
  • Front Camera: 24MP
  • Rear Camera: 40MP + 20MP + 8MP
  • RAM: 6GB
  • Storage: 128GB
  • Battery Capacity: 4200mAh
  • OS: Android 9.0

Mi Mix 3 5G

  • Display: 6.39-inch (1080×2340)
  • Processor: Qualcomm Snapdragon 855
  • Front Camera: 24MP + 2MP
  • Rear Camera: 12MP + 12MP
  • RAM: 6GB
  • Storage: 128GB
  • Battery Capacity: 3800mAh
  • OS: Android 8.1

Cool things you can do with 5G

Except for the speed and Latency, there are a lot of cool things that can be done with 5G. As we know 5G is meant to be superfast and therefore, many believe that a lot of things aren’t possible with 4G which can be done flawlessly with the help of a 5G network. Self-driving cars are something that can be enhanced with the help of 5G. Companies like Uber are partnering with some other companies to create a self-driving car with the help of 5G. 

Virtual reality is also one cool thing that will get a boost due to 5G connectivity. Drones that are recently allowed in India can get better with the faster 5G network. Gaming, robotics, automated technology and many other cool things can be enhanced with a better faster 5G network. 

5G mobile networks do not spread COVID-19

 

 

 

Viruses cannot travel on radio waves/mobile networks. COVID-19 is spreading in many countries that do not have 5G mobile networks. COVID-19 spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks. People can also be infected by touching a contaminated surface and then their eyes, mouth or nose.

 

Read More: What are Deepfakes?

The Sensei section provides an awesome guide and easy to digest takeaways on trending technologies for folks that are enthusiastic about technology. Read More: Sensei

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