The first phase results of the NHFS (National Family Health Survey) has come out, and it is shocking as it shows India’s condition in the area of nutrition. Now this phase 1 result of the survey-5 covers 17 states and Union Territories like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan also some big states like Maharashtra, Karnataka are out as well.
This survey results tell us that India has done a very bad job in the area of child nutrition in the last five years from 2015 to 2019. In fact, for the first time since 1998 or 1999, India has unfortunately reversed its trend of improving child nutritional indicator. These Indicators are based on three factors.
Now, what are these three major indicators?
Stunting, wasting and underweight. The status according to the editor-in-chief of The Print, Shekar Gupta, are of kids that are below the age of five. Now, if a child’s height is substantially below than what an ideal height of a child at that age should be, is known as stunting.
Second is known as wasting, a wasted child is the one who has the needed height according to the age but lacks the right weight, the child is too gaunt which is known as a wasted child.
And an underweight child is the one lacking the necessary weight due to low nutritional consumption. What concerns the most is that, in Goa, which is known as the richest state of India, the level of stunting over these five years has increased and the nutrition levels have substantially decreased.
Now the first and second indicators are the most serious ones in the nutrition level among children. From 1999 to 2015 there wasn’t much of a problem. But this is the first time in two decades that India has reversed its nutritional trend.
Now what is the further good news that comes along with this scenario?
There is a total fertility rate (TFR), which means that the average number of child birth and pregnancy rate in women is now at 2.1 or below that. This number is significantly important because it is a replacement to the actual fertility rate of India.
If there is a number of death cases due to lack of nutrition and other health problems, this number will be seen as a replacement to those number of children and women who have died.
Now, out of the 17 states, all those states which have been surveyed so far, has a total fertility rate of 2.1 or less which assures that the population of India is stabilizing much before we expected.
Now the only state that isn’t fitting the spectrum if this trend is Bihar, with a total fertility rate above 2.1. Apart from that, this is not any kind of population crisis India is currently experiencing.