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Tuesday, January 26, 2021

UK’s Margaret Keenan the first person to receive the Covid-19 Vaccine

Margaret Keenan, a UK grandmother created history Tuesday after getting a covid 19 vaccine. India is expected to follow the lead soon. Hyderabad-based pharmaceutical firm Bharat Biotech on Monday applied to the central drug regulator seeking emergency use authorization for its Covid-19 vaccine Covaxin.

UK officially given a vaccine to 90 year old. When can India expect to receive its first dose?

Margaret Keenan, a UK grandmother created history Tuesday after getting a covid-19 vaccine. Incidentally it is a lifesaving birthday present for her. Keenan, will become 91 next week. She got the vaccine through the United Kingdom’s nationwide official launch of coronavirus immunization campaign.

“I feel so privileged to be the first person vaccinated against COVID-19, it’s the best early birthday present I could wish for because it means I can finally look forward to spending time with my family and friends in the New Year after being on my own for most of the year.” said Keenan in a statement.

The vaccine took by Ms Keenan is developed by German biotech firm BioNTech and US pharmaceutical company Pfizer. The vaccine is  also the first vaccine to use cutting-edge mRNA genetic material as the underlying fighting mechanism.

The difference between a conventional vaccine and an mRNA vaccine comes from the fact that mRNA vaccines offer greater flexibility and quicker development timelines than traditional vaccines development.  

How exactly mRNA vaccines work? 

According to Phizer’s official website, mRNA – or messenger RNA – is a molecule, composed of nucleotides linked in a unique order to convey genetic information for the cells to produce the proteins or antigens encoded by the mRNAOnce mRNA in a vaccine is inside of the body’s cells, the cells use their genetic machinery to translate the genetic information and produce the antigens encoded by the mRNA vaccineThe antigens are then displayed on the cell surface, where they are recognized by the immune system which generates a response, including the production of antibodies against the antigen.

When can India except to receive the first dose of Vaccine?

As Margaret Keenan became the first official person to get the Covid-19 Vaccine the race for rest of the countries to join the league is on. According to a report by the Deccan Herald, Three Covid-19 vaccines, developed by Bharat Biotech, Serum Institute of India and Pfizer, are under active consideration by India.  In one of the statements issues by the the Union health ministry said.

“One crore healthcare workers including doctors and two crore front line staff such as police and disaster response team members would get the shots in the first round followed by 27 crore age-prioritised individuals having comorbid conditions,”

–Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan said in Delhi.

 

According to the US-based Duke University Global Health Innovation Center,  India is the top COVID-19 vaccine buyer. The second one is the European Union which has confirmed 1.58 billion doses.

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